Quantum Optics is at the heart of contemporary physics. It can be defined as the study of the interaction between light and matter, at the quantum level and based on the quantum mechanics theory.
Since 1997, not less than four Nobel prizes in physics were awarded for works in Quantum Optics : 1997, 2001, 2005 and 2012.
Quantum Optics is remarkably vast in its scope, it encompasses :
- ultracold atoms and condensed matter
- quantum information and computing
- laser spectroscopy
- ion trapping and low density systems
- quantum cryptography